Final Brattle Report: Current ERCOT Market Design Will Support "More Than Sufficient" Reserve Margins From An Economic Perspective
Final Report Finds Economically Optimal Reserve Margin To Be 9.0%
Final Report Finds Market Equilibrium Reserve Margin As 10.25%
December 21, 2018 Email This Story Copyright 2010-17 EnergyChoiceMatters.com
Reporting by Paul Ring • firstname.lastname@example.org
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The Electric Reliability Council of Texas, Inc. has posted a final version of the Estimation of the Market Equilibrium and Economically Optimal Reserve Margins for the ERCOT Region report
The report estimates the Market Equilibrium Reserve Margin (MERM) and Economically Optimal Reserve Margin (EORM) for ERCOT's wholesale electric market with projected system conditions for 2022.
The report was prepared on behalf of ERCOT by The Brattle Group (Brattle) and with assistance from Astrapé Consulting.
In the final report, Brattle estimates a market equilibrium reserve margin of 10.25% under projected 2022 market conditions
In the final report, Brattle estimates 9.0% as the economically optimal reserve margin, based on the risk-neutral, probability-weighted-average cost of 57,000 simulations. The report states that estimated societal costs are relatively flat with respect to reserve margin near the minimum, with only modest variation between reserve margins of 7% and 11%.
In the final report, Brattle said the economic optimum occurs at the reserve margin that minimizes societal costs net of all supply costs and the lost value from any disruptions in electric service.
In the final report, Brattle said that its analysis shows that the market equilibrium of 10.25% is greater than the economically optimal level of capacity by 1.25%.
"Based on these results, we conclude that the current market design will support more than sufficient reserve margins from an economic perspective," Brattle said in the final report
"The market equilibrium is higher than the economic optimum because the ORDC as currently designed sets prices higher than the marginal value of energy during scarcity conditions. This design intentionally creates additional incentives to invest that raise reserve margins somewhat above the economic optimum," Brattle said in the final report
"In terms of reliability, our probabilistic simulations indicate that at the market equilibrium reserve margin of 10.25%, the system could be expected to experience 0.5 events per year loss-of-load expectation (LOLE)," the final report said
The final report also lists Market Equilibrium and Economically Optimal Reserve Margins under various cases, as follows:
Market Equilibrium Reserve Margin (MERM)
Base Case 10.25%
Vary Gross CONE 9.25% - 10.50%
Vary VOLL 10.25%
Vary Probability of
Weather Years 10.0% - 11.75%
Vary Forward Years 9.25% - 10.25%
High Renewables Scenario 9.25%
Low Renewables Scenario 10.75%
High Gas Price 11.25%
Economically Optimal Reserve Margin (EORM)
Base Case 9.0%
Vary Gross CONE 8.0% - 9.25%
Vary VOLL 8.25% - 10.5%
Vary Probability of
Weather Years 8.75% - 10.5%
Vary Forward Years 8.5% - 9.0%
High Renewables Scenario 8.25%
Low Renewables Scenario 9.50%
High Gas Price 10.25%
"These estimates must not be interpreted as deterministic, since actual market conditions will fluctuate from year-to-year. In reality, the reserve margin will vary as plants enter and exit. Moreover, even at a given reserve margin, realized reliability and price outcomes can deviate far from the expected value, primarily due to weather and variations in wind generation. For example, with a projected market equilibrium reserve margin of 10.25%, we estimate that in the 90th percentile outcome -- representing relatively hot weather and low generation availability -- energy prices would double, marginal units could have net energy revenues reaching $200/kW-year, with 1.2 load-shed events per year (compared to a mean of 0.5 across all conditions modeled)," the final report said