ERCOT Independent Market Monitor Recommends Capping Ancillary Services (AS) Clearing Prices At $9,000/MWh For Feb. 15-20; Not Paying For AS Which Were Not Provided
March 1, 2021 Email This Story Copyright 2010-21 EnergyChoiceMatters.com
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The Independent Market Monitor of ERCOT filed with the Texas PUC two recommendations for addressing the recent weather event
Recommendation 1: "For operating days February 15 through February 20, 2021, reprice all day-ahead ancillary services (AS) clearing prices to cap them at the System-Wide Offer Cap (SWCAP) of $9,000 per MWh," the IMM said
"When there are insufficient offers to clear the entire AS Plan (Section 22.214.171.124 of the ERCOT Nodal Protocols), ERCOT uses very high penalty costs to ensure that the day-ahead market algorithm can clear as much of the AS Plan as possible. A pricing run is then used to remove those penalty costs prior to publishing the prices in accordance with the Other Binding Document (OBD) Methodology for Setting Maximum Shadow Prices for Network and Power Balance Constraints. Between February 15 and February 20, the scarcity of offers, generator constraints, and opportunity costs applied during this pricing run resulted in unexpected clearing prices higher than the SWCAP in effect on those days. The IMM recommends that these prices be capped at the SWCAP of $9,000 per MWh," the IMM said
"Capping the AS Market Clearing Prices for Capacity (MCPC) for each AS for those days will produce outcomes more consistent with economic market design principles. Since reserves are procured to reduce the probability of losing load, such principles dictate that the value of reserves cannot not exceed the value of lost load (VOLL), which is equal to the SWCAP of $9,000," the IMM said
The IMM also recommended adding language to the Other Binding Document, on a prospective basis, providing that, "In no case shall the MCPC for each Ancillary Service exceed the System-Wide Offer Cap (SWCAP) in effect for the relevant Operating Day."
Recommendation 2: For operating days February 14 through February 19, 2021, invoke the "failure to provide" settlement treatment for all AS that were not provided in real time.
The IMM said, "There were a number of instances during the operating days outlined above in which AS was not provided in real time because of forced outages or derations. For market participants that are not able to meet their AS responsibility, typically the ERCOT operator marks the short amount in the software. This causes the AS responsibility to be effectively removed and the day-ahead AS payment to be clawed back in settlement. However, the ERCOT operators did not complete this task during the winter event, and therefore the “failure to provide” settlements were not invoked in real time."
"Removing the operator intervention step and automating the “failure to provide” settlement was contemplated in NPRR947: Clarification to Ancillary Service Supply Responsibility Definition and Improvements to Determining and Charging for Ancillary Service Failed Quantities; however, the NPRR was withdrawn in August 2020 because of the system cost, some complexities related to AS trades, and the implementation of real-time co-optimization," the IMM said
"Invoking the “failure to provide” settlement for all AS that market participants failed to provide during the operating days outlined above will produce market outcomes and settlements consistent with underlying market principles. In this case, the principle is that market participants should not be paid for services that they do not provide. Whether ERCOT marked the short amount in real-time or not should not affect the settlement of these ancillary services," the IMM said
In the short term, the IMM recommends that the language in Section 6 of the ERCOT Nodal Protocols be modified to allow ERCOT to determine these quantities after-the-fact. The IMM further recommends that the “failure to provide” settlement treatment for AS be automated.
"In the event the Commission adopts both of the recommendations contained in this letter, ERCOT should complete them in order: resettle the day-ahead market to cap the AS prices first, then initiate the “failure to provide” settlement," the IMM said